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Multidisciplinary Transitional Pain Service for the Veteran Population.

Buys MJ, Bayless K, Romesser J, Anderson Z, Patel S, Zhang C, Presson AP, Beckstrom J, Brooke BS. Multidisciplinary Transitional Pain Service for the Veteran Population. Federal practitioner : for the health care professionals of the VA, DoD, and PHS. 2020 Oct 1; 37(10):472-478.

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Background: For patients with existing chronic opioid use or a history of substance use disorder, often little presurgical planning or postsurgical coordination of care among surgeons, primary care providers, or addiction care providers occurs. Methods: In 2018, we developed the Transitional Pain Service (TPS) to identify at-risk patients as soon as they were indicated for surgery, to allow time for evaluation, education, and developing an individualized pain plan, and opioid taper prior to surgery if indicated. An electronic dashboard registry of surgical episodes provided data to TPS providers and included baseline history, morphine equivalent daily dose, and patient-reported pain outcomes, using measures from the Patient-Reported Outcome Measurement System for pain intensity, pain interference, and physical function, and a pain-catastrophizing scale score. Results: Two-hundred thirteen patients were enrolled between January and December 2018. Nearly all (99%) patients had 1 successful follow-up within 14 days after discharge; 96% had 1 follow-up between 14 and 30 days after surgery; and 72% had completed personal follow-up 90 days after discharge. Conclusions: In 2018 the overall use of opioids after orthopedic surgery decreased by > 40% from the previous year. Despite this more restricted use of opioids, pain interference and physical function scores indicated that surgical patients do not seem to experience increased pain or reduced physical function.

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