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Social Determinants of Health and Patient-Reported Outcomes Following Total Hip and Knee Arthroplasty in Veterans.

Rubenstein WJ, Harris AHS, Hwang KM, Giori NJ, Kuo AC. Social Determinants of Health and Patient-Reported Outcomes Following Total Hip and Knee Arthroplasty in Veterans. The Journal of arthroplasty. 2020 Sep 1; 35(9):2357-2362.

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Abstract:

BACKGROUND: Social determinants of health (SDOH) are the conditions in which people are born, grow, live, work, and age. They are associated with disparities in outcomes following total joint arthroplasty (TJA). These disparities occur even in equal-access healthcare systems such as the Veterans Health Administration (VHA). Our goal was to determine whether SDOH affect patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) following TJA in VHA patients. METHODS: Patients scheduled to undergo total hip or knee arthroplasty at VHA Hospitals in Minneapolis, MN, Palo Alto, CA, and San Francisco, CA, prospectively completed PROMs before and 1 year after surgery. PROMs included the Hip disability and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score, the Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score, and their Joint Replacement subscores. SDOH included race, ethnicity, marital status, education, and employment status. The level of poverty in each patient''s neighborhood was determined. Medical comorbidities were recorded. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to determine whether SDOH were significantly associated with PROM improvement after surgery. RESULTS: On multivariate analysis, black race was significantly negatively correlated with knee PROM improvement and Hispanic ethnicity was significantly negatively correlated with hip PROM improvement compared to whites. Higher baseline PROM scores and lower age were significantly associated with lower PROM improvement. Significant associations were also found based on education, gender, comorbidities, and neighborhood poverty. CONCLUSION: Minority VHA patients have lower improvement in PROM scores after TJA than white patients. Further research is required to identify the reasons for these disparities and to design interventions to reduce them.





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