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A comparison of the Functional Movement Screen and the Landing Error Scoring System: A cohort study.

Tran AA, Shen J, Wernecke C, Gatewood CT, Harris AHS, Dragoo JL. A comparison of the Functional Movement Screen and the Landing Error Scoring System: A cohort study. Current orthopaedic practice. 2019 Dec 24; 31(1):8-12.

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The Functional Movement Screen (FMS) is a nonspecific movement pattern assessment while the Landing Error Scoring System (LESS) is a screen for movement patterns associated with lower extremity injury. The purpose of this study was to determine if the LESS and FMS are correlated or if they can be used as complementary assessments of preseason injury risk for anterior cruciate ligament injury. METHODS: FMS and LESS were used to conduct a cohort study of 126 male National Collegiate Athletic Association Division IA football players. One hundred and eleven players met the criteria for inclusion during data review. At risk and not at risk LESS scores of players and FMS exercise score status were compared using Welch's t-test. Associations between FMS composites and LESS scores were evaluated using linear regression. RESULTS: The average LESS score was 5.51±1.34, and the average composite FMS score was 11.77±2.13 (max = 15). A poor FMS squat score ( = 1 or asymmetry present) was associated with a higher LESS score ( < 0.001). No other FMS individual exercise score was associated with an at-risk LESS score ( > 0.05). Composite FMS score was loosely associated with the LESS score (R-squared = 0.0677, = 0.006). Prior history of an ACL injury and player position were not associated with LESS score on multivariate regression ( > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The LESS and FMS are not well correlated and may serve as complementary assessments for preseason injury risk. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III.

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