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Community-based strategies for focus group recruitment of minority veterans.
Dhanani S, Damron-Rodriguez J, Leung M, Villa V, Washington DL, Makinodan T, Harada N. Community-based strategies for focus group recruitment of minority veterans. Military medicine. 2002 Jun 1; 167(6):501-5.
Minority recruitment is crucial to successful clinical research and associated community-based outreach programs. Reaching and retaining a diverse sample is particularly challenging when research targets not only ethnic or racial minorities but also subcultural groups such as veterans of different war periods. We describe various strategies that address the special challenges of minority recruitment through our experience engaging an ethnically diverse sample of 258 veterans as part of an evaluation of ambulatory care services at Department of Veterans Affairs health care facilities. Most veterans were recruited by liaison with the community center, which accounted for 29% of the total sample. Other strategies included on-site recruitment (21%), word of mouth (21%), mailings to veterans' organizations (12%), and newspaper advertisements (7%). Strategies varied in their effectiveness at reaching specific racial or ethnic groups and veterans from different cohorts of war service.