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Incorporating walking into cognitive behavioral therapy for chronic pain: safety and effectiveness of a personalized walking intervention.

Heapy AA, Tankha H, Higgins DM, Driscoll M, LaChappelle KM, Goulet JL, Buta E, Piette JD, Kerns RD, Krein SL. Incorporating walking into cognitive behavioral therapy for chronic pain: safety and effectiveness of a personalized walking intervention. Journal of behavioral medicine. 2021 Apr 1; 44(2):260-269.

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Abstract:

We examined the effectiveness and safety of a walking program offered as part of cognitive behavioral therapy for chronic pain (CBT-CP). Participants were randomized to 10 weeks of CBT-CP, delivered either in person or by interactive voice response. Participants reported pedometer-measured step counts daily throughout treatment and received a weekly goal to increase their steps by 10% over the prior week''s average. Walking-related adverse events (AEs) were assessed weekly. Participants (n? = 125) were primarily male (72%), and white (80%) with longstanding pain (median: 11 years). There was no significant difference between treatment groups in rate of change in daily steps, but there was a significant increase in steps from baseline to treatment termination in the combined study sample (1648 steps (95% CI 1063-2225)). Participants classified as active doubled. AEs were mostly minor and temporary. Treatment was effective and safe whether the program was delivered in-person or remotely.Trial registration number: clinicaltrials.gov identifier: NCT01025752.





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