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Efficacy of frequent mantram repetition on stress, quality of life, and spiritual well-being in veterans: a pilot study.
Bormann JE, Smith TL, Becker S, Gershwin M, Pada L, Grudzinski AH, Nurmi EA. Efficacy of frequent mantram repetition on stress, quality of life, and spiritual well-being in veterans: a pilot study. Journal of Holistic Nursing. 2005 Dec 1; 23(4):395-414.
PURPOSE: Silent, frequent repetition of a mantram-a word or phrase with spiritual significance, sometimes called a Holy Name-is an ancient form of prayer that may reduce stress and related symptoms. The authors tested the feasibility and efficacy of a 5-week (90-min per week) intervention on mantram repetition in a sample of ambulatory veterans. METHOD: Aconvenience sample (N = 62) of outpatient veterans participated in the study by completing pre-and posttest self-report questionnaires on stress, anxiety, anger, quality of life, and spiritual well-being. Wrist-worn counters were provided to track mantram practice. FINDINGS: Mantram repetition significantly reduced symptoms of stress and anxiety and improved quality of life and spiritual well-being. CONCLUSION: Additional research using a larger sample size and control group is needed to further substantiate the benefits of this intervention. IMPLICATIONS: Frequent, silent mantram repetition is easily taught and could be used by nurses and patients for managing stress and increasing well-being.