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Kurlander JE, Barnes GD, Sukul D, Helminski D, Kokaly AN, Platt K, Gurm H, Saini SD. Trials of Dual Antiplatelet Therapy After Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Lack Strategies to Ensure Appropriate Gastroprotection. The American journal of gastroenterology. 2021 Apr 1; 116(4):821-824.
INTRODUCTION: Gastrointestinal bleeding is a morbid complication of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT). We evaluated the extent to which contemporary trials of DAPT included steps to ensure appropriate use of proton pump inhibitor (PPI) gastroprotection and reported rates of PPI use. METHODS: A methodological review of randomized trials comparing varying durations of DAPT after percutaneous coronary intervention. RESULTS: Among 21 trials, none incorporated protocol procedures or guidance for prescribing PPIs. Five reported rates of PPI use (range 25.6-69.1%). DISCUSSION: PPI gastroprotection is overlooked in major trials of DAPT. Appropriate use of PPI gastroprotection represents an important opportunity to improve patient safety.