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Actigraphy prior to Multiple Sleep Latency Test: nighttime total sleep time predicts sleep-onset latency.

Kelly MR, Zeidler MR, DeCruz S, Oldenkamp CL, Josephson KR, Mitchell MN, Littner M, Ancoli-Israel S, Badr MS, Alessi CA, Martin JL. Actigraphy prior to Multiple Sleep Latency Test: nighttime total sleep time predicts sleep-onset latency. Journal of clinical sleep medicine : JCSM : official publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine. 2022 Jan 1; 18(1):161-170.

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STUDY OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the clinical utility of actigraphy as compared with sleep questionnaires prior to the Multiple Sleep Latency Test (MSLT) in a sleep disorders clinic population. METHODS: Twenty-eight clinically referred participants (mean age: 42.3 ± 18.8 years) completed the study protocol. On day 1, participants completed the following questionnaires: Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), Insomnia Severity Index, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Visual Analog Scale (affect, vigor), Patient Health Questionnaire, and Multidimensional Fatigue Symptom Inventory-Short Form. On days 1-8, participants wore an actigraph and completed a sleep diary to assess mean nighttime and mean daytime total sleep time and sleep efficiency or sleep percentage. On day 9, participants repeated the ESS and completed an MSLT. Correlations assessed mean MSLT sleep-onset latency (MSLT-SOL) vs actigraphy, sleep diary, and questionnaires. Chi-square analyses assessed abnormal MSLT-SOL ( 8 minutes) or daytime sleepiness (ESS 10) and referral question (ie, sleep-disordered breathing vs hypersomnolence disorder). RESULTS: Mean MSLT-SOL was correlated with nighttime total sleep time assessed via both actigraphy and diary, but not with questionnaires. Significant correlations emerged for ESS score on day 1 vs 9, actigraphy vs sleep diary mean nighttime total sleep time, and PSQI vs mean sleep diary sleep efficiency. There was no significant relationship between mean MSLT-SOL and referral question. CONCLUSIONS: Our finding that total sleep time measured by actigraphy was associated with MSLT-SOL suggests it is useful in informing the interpretation of MSLT findings; however, it does not appear to be a viable substitute for MSLT for the measurement of objective sleepiness in clinical settings. CITATION: Kelly MR, Zeidler MR, DeCruz S, et al. Actigraphy prior to Multiple Sleep Latency Test: nighttime total sleep time predicts sleep-onset latency. . 2022;18(1):161-170.

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