Talk to the Veterans Crisis Line now
U.S. flag
An official website of the United States government

VA Health Systems Research

Go to the VA ORD website
Go to the QUERI website

HSR Citation Abstract

Search | Search by Center | Search by Source | Keywords in Title

Veteran Perspectives of Barriers and Facilitators to Campaigns Promoting Help Seeking During Crisis.

Karras E, Arriola N, McCarten JM, Britton PC, Besterman-Dahan K, Stecker TA. Veteran Perspectives of Barriers and Facilitators to Campaigns Promoting Help Seeking During Crisis. Community mental health journal. 2021 Aug 1; 57(6):1045-1051.

Dimensions for VA is a web-based tool available to VA staff that enables detailed searches of published research and research projects.

If you have VA-Intranet access, click here for more information

VA staff not currently on the VA network can access Dimensions by registering for an account using their VA email address.
   Search Dimensions for VA for this citation
* Don't have VA-internal network access or a VA email address? Try searching the free-to-the-public version of Dimensions


The objective of this paper is to characterize barriers and facilitators reported by U.S. military veterans related to campaigns promoting help seeking during suicidal crisis. Individual telephone interviews (N = 40) were conducted from August 2018-April 2019 with a sample of veterans who had a recent non-fatal suicide attempt. Interview transcripts were analyzed using a constant comparison analytic strategy. Participants reported the four facilitators to message effectiveness: (a) potential reach of specific channels; (b) interruption of suicidal thoughts; (c) normalizing the suicidal experience and help seeking; and (d) modeling desired behavior change. Barriers that hindered campaigns were also identified and include (a) broad messages, (b) challenges in cognitive processing, (c) media avoidance and (d) a boomerang effect. This study underscores the significance of involving those with lived experience to identify factors that may improve or hinder message effectiveness.

Questions about the HSR website? Email the Web Team

Any health information on this website is strictly for informational purposes and is not intended as medical advice. It should not be used to diagnose or treat any condition.