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Predictors of Receipt of Comprehensive Medication Reviews in Older Adults.

Coe AB, Farris KB, Solway E, Singer DC, Kirch M, Kullgren JT, Malani PN, Bynum JPW. Predictors of Receipt of Comprehensive Medication Reviews in Older Adults. The journals of gerontology. Series A, Biological sciences and medical sciences. 2023 Mar 1; 78(3):463-469.

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BACKGROUND: Polypharmacy is highly prevalent among older adults. This study's purpose was to provide nationally representative estimates of self-reported comprehensive medication review (CMR) receipt among older adults and describe factors associated with their receipt, as CMRs are available through the Medicare Part D program. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used data from the National Poll on Healthy Aging (NPHA), a nationally representative online survey of community-dwelling adults aged 50-80, administered in December 2019. Participants included older adults aged 65-80 with any health insurance (n = 960). Outcomes were self-reported CMR receipt, awareness of CMR insurance coverage, and interest in a future CMR with a pharmacist. Sociodemographic and health-related variables were included. Descriptive statistics and multivariable logistic regression with NPHA population sampling weights were used. RESULTS: Among older adults on 2 or more prescription medications, only 20.8% had received a CMR while 34.3% were interested in a future CMR. Among individuals who had not received a CMR, most (83.4%) were unaware their insurance might cover a CMR. Factors associated with higher odds of receiving a CMR included taking 5 or more prescription medications (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 2.6, 95% CI: 1.59-4.38) and reporting food insecurity (AOR = 2.9, 95% CI: 1.07-7.93). Having fair or poor self-reported physical health was associated with lower odds of receiving a CMR (AOR = 0.49, 95% CI: 0.25-0.97). CONCLUSIONS: Most older adults on 2 or more prescription medications with health insurance had not received a CMR and many were interested in one. Targeted strategies to increase older adults' awareness and receipt of CMRs are warranted.

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