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Coughlin LN, Bonar EE, Bohnert ASB, Blow FC, Bauermeister JA, Cross Y, Cunningham R, Young SD, Walton MA. Patterns of same-day alcohol and cannabis use in adolescents and young adults with risky alcohol use. Addiction research & theory. 2021 Jun 24; 30(2):89-95.
Same-day alcohol and cannabis use is relatively common in adolescents and young adults, constituting a higher-risk behavior relative to single-substance use. However, the association between quantity of alcohol and cannabis use on co-use days is understudied. We examined the association between the quantity of alcohol and same-day cannabis use with a multilevel regression analysis in a sample of youth (16-24 years old) with risky alcohol use. Participants reported one or more days of alcohol and cannabis over the past month ( = 468). Quantity of cannabis use was highest on heavy drinking days [ = 0.91 grams, = 0.68] followed by moderate drinking days ( = 0.78 grams = 0.63), and lowest on days without alcohol use ( = 0.74 grams, = 0.64, < 0.001). In multilevel modeling analyses, adjusted for clustering within individuals, greater quantity of drinking on a given day was associated with greater cannabis use (estimate = 0.03, < 0.001). When using alcohol and cannabis on the same day, greater alcohol use was associated with greater cannabis use. Preventing days of heavy use of multiple substances, particularly among at-risk drinkers, may complement interventions addressing co-use generally to prevent substance-related consequences.