HSR&D Citation Abstract
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Crisis service utilization following completion of a suicide safety plan for Veterans with and without affective and nonaffective psychosis.
Chalker SA, Parrish EM, Martinez Ceren CS, Depp CA, Ilgen MA, Goodman M, Twamley EW, Doran N. Crisis service utilization following completion of a suicide safety plan for Veterans with and without affective and nonaffective psychosis. Journal of psychiatric research. 2022 Oct 1; 154:219-223.
Psychosis is associated with increased suicide risk. Safety planning is a suicide prevention practice that is associated with decreased suicidal behavior and psychiatric hospitalizations. A common feature of safety planning is listing of crisis line numbers. The primary purpose of this study was to compare Veterans with and without psychosis who completed a safety plan in terms of their next year crisis service use, including Veterans Crisis Line (VCL) calls, and suicidal behavior.
Data were drawn from the VA San Diego''s electronic medical record system for (N = 1602) safety plans from 2018 to 2021. Clinical records of crisis services and suicide attempt/death were recorded for one year after the safety plan.
Following completion of a safety plan, Veterans with psychosis were more likely to have a next year psychiatric hospitalization (OR = 4.1), emergency department visit (OR = 2.3), and psychiatric emergency clinic visit (OR = 2.2) than those without psychosis. In contrast, there were no group differences in likelihood of calling the VCL.
Veterans with psychosis who recently completed a safety plan do not show elevated rates of VCL use that are commensurate with increases in crisis service use. Interventions for this high-risk group may focus on understanding the motivation and ability to call the VCL as ways to enhance safety planning.