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Six Moments of Infection Prevention in Injection Drug Use: An Educational Toolkit for Clinicians.

Harvey L, Boudreau J, Sliwinski SK, Strymish J, Gifford AL, Hyde J, Linsenmeyer K, Branch-Elliman W. Six Moments of Infection Prevention in Injection Drug Use: An Educational Toolkit for Clinicians. Open forum infectious diseases. 2022 Feb 1; 9(2):ofab631.

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BACKGROUND: Injection drug use-associated bacterial and viral infections are increasing. Expanding access to harm reduction services, such as safe injection education, are effective prevention strategies. However, these strategies have had limited uptake. New tools are needed to improve provider capacity to facilitate dissemination of these evidence-based interventions. METHODS: The "Six Moments of Infection Prevention in Injection Drug Use" provider educational tool was developed using a global, rather than pathogen-specific, infection prevention framework, highlighting the prevention of invasive bacterial and fungal infections in additional to viral pathogens. The tool's effectiveness was tested using a short, paired pre/post survey that assessed provider knowledge and attitudes about harm reduction. RESULTS: Seventy-five respondents completed the paired surveys. At baseline, 17 respondents (22.6%) indicated that they had received no prior training in harm reduction and 28 (37.3%) reported discomfort counseling people who inject drugs (PWID). Sixty respondents (80.0%) reported they had never referred a patient to a syringe service program (SSP); of those, 73.3% cited lack of knowledge regarding locations of SSPs and 40.0% reported not knowing where to access information regarding SSPs. After the training, 66 (88.0%) reported that they felt more comfortable educating PWID ( < .0001), 65 respondents (86.6%) reported they planned to use the Six Moments model in their own practice, and 100% said they would consider referring patients to an SSP in the future. CONCLUSIONS: The Six Moments model emphasizes the importance of a global approach to infection prevention and harm reduction. This educational intervention can be used as part of a bundle of implementation strategies to reduce morbidity and mortality in PWID.

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