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Correlation of long-term care facility vaccination practices between seasons and resident types.

O'Neill ET, Bosco E, Persico E, Silva JB, Riester MR, Moyo P, van Aalst R, Loiacono MM, Chit A, Gravenstein S, Zullo AR. Correlation of long-term care facility vaccination practices between seasons and resident types. BMC geriatrics. 2022 Nov 4; 22(1):835.

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BACKGROUND: Influenza vaccination varies widely across long-term care facilities (LTCFs) due to staff behaviors, LTCF practices, and patient factors. It is unclear how seasonal LTCF vaccination varies between cohabitating but distinct short-stay and long-stay residents. Thus, we assessed the correlation of LTCF vaccination between these populations and across seasons. METHODS: The study design is a national retrospective cohort using Medicare and Minimum Data Set (MDS) data. Participants include U.S. LTCFs. Short-stay and long-stay Medicare-enrolled residents age? = 65 in U.S. LTCFs from a source population of residents during October 1-March 31 in 2013-2014 (3,042,881 residents; 15,683 LTCFs) and 2014-2015 (3,143,174, residents; 15,667 LTCFs). MDS-assessed influenza vaccination was the outcome. Pearson correlation coefficients were estimated to assess seasonal correlations between short-stay and long-stay resident vaccination within LTCFs. RESULTS: The median proportion of short-stay residents vaccinated across LTCFs was 70.4% (IQR, 50.0-82.7%) in 2013-2014 and 69.6% (IQR, 50.0-81.6%) in 2014-2015. The median proportion of long-stay residents vaccinated across LTCFs was 85.5% (IQR, 78.0-90.9%) in 2013-2014 and 84.6% (IQR, 76.6-90.3%) in 2014-2015. Within LTCFs, there was a moderate correlation between short-stay and long-stay vaccination in 2013-2014 (r? = 0.50, 95%CI: 0.49-0.51) and 2014-2015 (r? = 0.53, 95%CI: 0.51-0.54). Across seasons, there was a moderate correlation for LTCFs with short-stay residents (r? = 0.54, 95%CI: 0.53-0.55) and a strong correlation for those with long-stay residents (r? = 0.68, 95%CI: 0.67-0.69). CONCLUSIONS: In LTCFs with inconsistent influenza vaccination across seasons or between populations, targeted vaccination protocols for all residents, regardless of stay type, may improve successful vaccination in this vulnerable patient population.

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