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Retrospective Cohort Study of Patient-Reported Urinary Tract Infection Signs and Symptoms Among Individuals With Neurogenic Bladder.
Wirth M, Suda KJ, Burns SP, Weaver FM, Collins E, Safdar N, Kartje R, Evans CT, Fitzpatrick MA. Retrospective Cohort Study of Patient-Reported Urinary Tract Infection Signs and Symptoms Among Individuals With Neurogenic Bladder. American journal of physical medicine & rehabilitation. 2023 Aug 1; 102(8):663-669.
The aim of the study is to characterize patient-reported signs and symptoms of urinary tract infections in patients with neurogenic bladder to inform development of an intervention to improve the accuracy of urinary tract infection diagnosis.
This is a retrospective cohort study of adults with neurogenic bladder due to spinal cord injury/disorder, multiple sclerosis, and/or Parkinson disease and urinary tract infection encounters at four medical centers between 2017 and 2018. Data were collected through medical record review and analyzed using descriptive statistics and unadjusted logistic regression.
Of 199 patients with neurogenic bladder and urinary tract infections, 37% were diagnosed with multiple sclerosis, 36% spinal cord injury/disorder, and 27% Parkinson disease. Most patients were men (88%) in inpatient or long-term care settings (60%) with bladder catheters (67%). Fever was the most frequent symptom (32%). Only 38% of patients had a urinary tract-specific symptom; 48% had only nonspecific to the urinary tract symptoms. Inpatient encounter setting (odds ratio, 2.5; 95% confidence interval, 1.2-5.2) was associated with greater odds of only having nonspecific urinary tract symptoms.
In patients with neurogenic bladder and urinary tract infection encounters, nonspecific signs and symptoms are most frequently reported. These results can inform interventions to help providers better elicit and document urinary tract-specific symptoms in patients with neurogenic bladder presenting with possible urinary tract infection, particularly among hospitalized patients.
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Upon completion of this article, the reader should be able to: (1) Describe patient-reported signs and symptoms of urinary tract infection (UTI) in adults with neurogenic bladder (NB) due to spinal cord injury/disorder (SCI/D), multiple sclerosis (MS), and Parkinson disease (PD); (2) Differentiate urinary tract specific symptoms and nonspecific symptoms reported by adults with NB for suspected UTI and recognize how this may impact UTI diagnosis in this population; and (3) Recognize differences in UTI signs and symptoms reported by patients with NB based on patient and encounter characteristics.
The Association of Academic Physiatrists is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians.The Association of Academic Physiatrists designates this Journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1.0 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s) . Physicians should only claim credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.