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Individuals With a Family History of Colorectal Cancer Warrant Tailored Interventions to Address Patient-Reported Barriers to Screening.
Jain S, Galoosian A, Wilhalme H, Meshkat S, May FP. Individuals With a Family History of Colorectal Cancer Warrant Tailored Interventions to Address Patient-Reported Barriers to Screening. Clinical and translational gastroenterology. 2023 May 1; 14(5):e00583.
Population health interventions to increase colorectal cancer (CRC) screening rates often exclude individuals with a family history of CRC, and interventions to increase screening in this high-risk group are rare. We aimed to determine the screening rate and barriers and facilitators to screening in this population to inform interventions to increase screening participation.
We performed a retrospective chart review and cross-sectional survey of patients excluded from mailed fecal immunochemical test (FIT) outreach because of a family history of CRC in a large health system. We used ? 2 , Fisher exact, and Student t tests to compare demographic and clinical characteristics of patients overdue and not overdue for screening. We then administered a survey (mailed and telephone) to overdue patients to assess barriers and facilitators to screening.
There were 296 patients excluded from mailed FIT outreach, and 233 patients had a confirmed family history of CRC. Screening participation was low (21.9%), and there were no significant demographic or clinical differences between those overdue and not overdue for screening. There were 79 survey participants. Major patient-reported barriers to screening colonoscopy were patient forgetfulness (35.9%), fear of pain during colonoscopy (17.7%), and hesitancy about bowel preparation (29.4%). To facilitate screening colonoscopy, patients recommended reminders (56.3%), education about familial risk (50%), and colonoscopy education (35.9%).
Patients with a family history of CRC who are excluded from mailed FIT outreach have low screening rates and report multiple mutable barriers to screening. They warrant targeted efforts to increase screening participation.