skip to page content
Talk to the Veterans Crisis Line now
U.S. flag
An official website of the United States government

Health Services Research & Development

Go to the ORD website
Go to the QUERI website

HSR&D Citation Abstract

Search | Search by Center | Search by Source | Keywords in Title

Timely Curative Treatment and Overall Mortality Among Veterans With Stage I NSCLC.

Sanchez R, Vaughan Sarrazin MS, Hoffman RM. Timely Curative Treatment and Overall Mortality Among Veterans With Stage I NSCLC. JTO clinical and research reports. 2023 Feb 1; 4(2):100455.

Dimensions for VA is a web-based tool available to VA staff that enables detailed searches of published research and research projects.

If you have VA-Intranet access, click here for more information

VA staff not currently on the VA network can access Dimensions by registering for an account using their VA email address.
   Search Dimensions for VA for this citation
* Don't have VA-internal network access or a VA email address? Try searching the free-to-the-public version of Dimensions


INTRODUCTION: Early stage lung cancer (LC) outcomes depend on the receipt of timely therapy. We aimed to determine the proportions of Veterans with stage I NSCLC in the age group eligible for LC screening (LCS) receiving timely curative treatment ( = 12 wk after diagnosis), the factors associated with timely treatment and modality, and the factors associated with overall mortality. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study in Veterans aged 55 to 80 years when diagnosed with stage I NSCLC during 2011 to 2015. We used multivariate logistic regression models to determine factors associated with receiving timely therapy and receiving surgery versus stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT). We used multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression analysis to determine factors associated with overall mortality. RESULTS: We identified 4796 Veterans with stage I NSCLC; the cohort was predominantly older, White males, current or former smokers, and living in urban areas. Overall, 84% underwent surgery and 16% underwent SBRT. The median time to treatment was 63 days (61 d for surgery; 71 d for SBRT), with 30% treated more than 12 weeks. Unmarried Veterans with higher social deprivation index were less likely to receive timely therapy. Black race, female sex, and never smoking were associated with lower overall mortality. Older Veterans receiving treatment > 12 wk, with higher comorbidity index, and squamous cell carcinoma had higher overall mortality. CONCLUSIONS: A total of 30% of the Veterans with stage I NSCLC in the age group eligible for LCS received curative treatment more than 12 weeks after diagnosis, which was associated with higher overall mortality. Delays in LC treatment could decrease the mortality benefits of LCS among the Veterans.

Questions about the HSR&D website? Email the Web Team

Any health information on this website is strictly for informational purposes and is not intended as medical advice. It should not be used to diagnose or treat any condition.