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Impact of Marijuana Smoking on COPD Progression in a Cohort of Middle-Aged and Older Persons.

Barjaktarevic I, Cooper CB, Shing T, Buhr RG, Hoffman EA, Woodruff PG, Drummond MB, Kanner RE, Han MK, Hansel NN, Bowler RP, Kinney GL, Jacobson S, Morris MA, Martinez FJ, Ohar J, Couper D, Tashkin DP. Impact of Marijuana Smoking on COPD Progression in a Cohort of Middle-Aged and Older Persons. Chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (Miami, Fla.). 2023 Jul 26; 10(3):234-247.

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BACKGROUND: Limited data are available regarding marijuana smoking's impact on the development or progression of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in middle-aged or older adults with a variable history of tobacco cigarette smoking. METHODS: We divided ever-tobacco smoking participants in the SubPopulations and InteRmediate Outcomes In COPD Study (SPIROMICS) into 3 groups based on self-reported marijuana use: current, former, or never marijuana smokers (CMSs, FMSs or NMSs, respectively). Longitudinal data were analyzed in participants with = 2 visits over a period of = 52 weeks. MEASUREMENTS: We compared CMSs, FMSs, and NMSs, and those with varying amounts of lifetime marijuana use. Mixed effects linear regression models were used to analyze changes in spirometry, symptoms, health status, and radiographic metrics; zero-inflated negative binomial models were used for exacerbation rates. All models were adjusted for age, sex, race, baseline tobacco smoking amount, and forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV) %predicted. RESULTS: Most participants were followed for = 4 years. Annual rates of change in FEV, incident COPD, respiratory symptoms, health status, radiographic extent of emphysema or air trapping, and total or severe exacerbations were not different between CMSs or FMSs versus NMSs or between those with any lifetime amount of marijuana use versus NMSs. CONCLUSIONS: Among SPIROMICS participants with or without COPD, neither former nor current marijuana smoking of any lifetime amount was associated with evidence of COPD progression or its development. Because of our study's limitations, these findings underscore the need for further studies to better understand longer-term effects of marijuana smoking in COPD.

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