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Prognostic value of systemic immune inflammation index and geriatric nutrition risk index in early-onset colorectal cancer.

Xiang S, Yang YX, Pan WJ, Li Y, Zhang JH, Gao Y, Liu S. Prognostic value of systemic immune inflammation index and geriatric nutrition risk index in early-onset colorectal cancer. Frontiers in nutrition. 2023 Apr 18; 10:1134300.

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Abstract:

BACKGROUND: Systemic nutritional and inflammatory markers, which are easy to measure are associated with the progression and prognosis of many cancers. Nevertheless, among the various available indicators, optimal prognostic indicators for patients with early-onset colorectal cancer have not been identified. Therefore, the aim of this study was to identify optimal nutritional and inflammatory markers for early-onset colorectal cancer and examine the relationship between systemic nutritional and inflammatory markers before treatment and survival in patients with early-onset colorectal cancer. METHODS: We retrospectively collected data from 236 eligible patients with early-onset colorectal cancer. Area under the prognostic curve (AUC) and concordance index (C-index) were used to compare seven systemic nutritional and inflammatory markers to identify the optimal inflammatory immune markers. Univariate and multivariate COX regression analyses were used to evaluate the prognostic value of indicators in the total study population and different subgroups. RESULTS: The AUC and C-index showed that the systemic immune inflammation index (SII) and geriatric nutrition risk index (GNRI) had higher prognostic values than other systemic nutritional and inflammatory indicators. Compared with patients in the low SII group, those in the high SII group had lower overall survival (HR, 4.42, 95% CI, 2.36-8.27, ? = 0.000). Compared with patients in the high GNRI group, those in the low GNRI group had lower overall survival (HR, 0.33, 95% CI, 0.19-0.56, ? = 0.000). SII was negatively associated with GNRI (R? = -0.3, ? < 0.001), and both were correlated with the tumor stage. CONCLUSION: SII and GNRI are suitable nutritional and inflammatory factors for predicting OS in patients with early-onset colorectal cancer; high SII and low GNRI were correlated with worse prognoses. Identifying the high inflammatory state and low nutritional state of patients before surgery and conducting active and timely therapeutic interventions could improve patient prognosis.





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