HSR&D Citation Abstract
Search | Search by Center | Search by Source | Keywords in Title
Early paracentesis is associated with better prognosis compared with late or no-paracentesis in hospitalized veterans with cirrhosis and ascites.
Patel N, Silvey S, O'Leary JG, Morgan T, Patton H, Rogal SS, Bajaj JS. Early paracentesis is associated with better prognosis compared with late or no-paracentesis in hospitalized veterans with cirrhosis and ascites. Liver transplantation : official publication of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases and the International Liver Transplantation Society. 2023 Sep 1; 29(9):919-927.
Guidelines recommend that all hospitalized patients with cirrhosis and ascites receive an early ( < 24 h from admission) paracentesis. However, national data are not available regarding compliance with and the consequences of this quality metric. We used the national Veterans Administration Corporate Data Warehouse and validated International Classification of Disease codes to evaluate the rate and subsequent outcomes of early, late, and no paracentesis for patients with cirrhosis and ascites during their first inpatient admission between 2016 and 2019. Of 10,237 patients admitted with a diagnosis of cirrhosis with ascites, 14.3% received an early paracentesis, 7.3% received a late paracentesis, and 78.4% never received a paracentesis. In multivariable modeling, compared with an early paracentesis: both late paracentesis and no-paracentesis were significantly associated with increased odds of acute kidney injury (AKI) development [OR: 2.16 (95% CI, 1.59-2.94) and 1.34 (1.09-1.66), respectively]; intensive care unit (ICU) transfer [OR: 2.43 (1.71-3.47) and 2.01 (1.53-2.69), respectively] and inpatient death [OR: 1.54 (1.03-2.29) and 1.42 (1.05-1.93), respectively]. Nationally, only 14.3% of admitted veterans with cirrhosis and ascites received the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases (AASLD) guideline-recommended diagnostic paracentesis within 24 hours of admission. Failure to complete early paracentesis was associated with higher odds of AKI, ICU transfer, and inpatient mortality. Universal and site-specific barriers to this quality metric should be evaluated and addressed to improve patient outcomes.