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Quantifying the Implementation and Cost of a Multisite Antibiotic Stewardship Intervention for Asymptomatic Bacteriuria.

Amenta E, Grigoryan L, Rajan SS, Ramsey D, Kramer JR, Walder A, Chou A, Van JN, Krein SL, Hysong S, Naik AD, Trautner BW. Quantifying the Implementation and Cost of a Multisite Antibiotic Stewardship Intervention for Asymptomatic Bacteriuria. Antimicrobial stewardship & healthcare epidemiology : ASHE. 2023 Jun 30; 3(1):e115.

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OBJECTIVE: The intensity of an antibiotic stewardship intervention to achieve clinical impact is not known. We conducted a multisite dissemination project of an intervention to reduce treatment of asymptomatic bacteriuria (ASB) and studied: (1) the association between implementation metrics and clinical outcomes and (2) the cost of implementation. DESIGN/SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: A central site facilitated a multimodality intervention to decrease unnecessary urine cultures and antibiotic treatment in patients with ASB at 4 Veterans Affairs medical centers. METHODS: The intervention consisted of a decision support aid algorithm and interactive teaching cases that provided in the moment audit and feedback on how to manage ASB. Implementation outcomes included minutes spent in intervention delivery, number of healthcare professionals reached, and number of sessions delivered. Clinical outcomes included days of antibiotic therapy (DOT), length of antibiotic therapy (LOT), and number of urine cultures ordered per 1000 bed days. Personnel reported weekly time logs. RESULTS: Minutes spent in intervention delivery were inversely correlated with two clinical outcomes, DOT ( -0.3, = .04) and LOT ( -0.3, = .02). Number of healthcare professionals reached and number of sessions delivered were not correlated with clinical outcomes of DOT ( -0.003, = .98, = -0.059, = .69) or LOT ( +0.073, = .62, -0.102, = .49). Physician champions spent an average of 3.8% of effort on the intervention. The implementation cost was USD 22,299/year per site on average. CONCLUSIONS: The amount of time local teams spent in delivery of an antibiotic stewardship intervention was correlated with the desired decrease in antibiotic use. Implementing this successful antibiotic stewardship intervention required minimal time.

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