Talk to the Veterans Crisis Line now
U.S. flag
An official website of the United States government

VA Health Systems Research

Go to the VA ORD website
Go to the QUERI website

HSR Citation Abstract

Search | Search by Center | Search by Source | Keywords in Title

Clinician and Patient Perspectives on the Use of Passive Mobile Monitoring and Self-Tracking for Patients With Serious Mental Illness: User-Centered Approach.

Medich M, Cannedy SL, Hoffmann LC, Chinchilla MY, Pila JM, Chassman SA, Calderon RA, Young AS. Clinician and Patient Perspectives on the Use of Passive Mobile Monitoring and Self-Tracking for Patients With Serious Mental Illness: User-Centered Approach. JMIR human factors. 2023 Oct 24; 10:e46909.

Dimensions for VA is a web-based tool available to VA staff that enables detailed searches of published research and research projects.

If you have VA-Intranet access, click here for more information

VA staff not currently on the VA network can access Dimensions by registering for an account using their VA email address.
   Search Dimensions for VA for this citation
* Don't have VA-internal network access or a VA email address? Try searching the free-to-the-public version of Dimensions


BACKGROUND: Early intervention in mental health crises can prevent negative outcomes. A promising new direction is remote mental health monitoring using smartphone technology to passively collect data from individuals to rapidly detect the worsening of serious mental illness (SMI). This technology may benefit patients with SMI, but little is known about health IT acceptability among this population or their mental health clinicians. OBJECTIVE: We used the Health Information Technology Acceptability Model to analyze the acceptability and usability of passive mobile monitoring and self-tracking among patients with serious mental illness and their mental health clinicians. METHODS: Data collection took place between December 2020 and June 2021 in 1 Veterans Administration health care system. Interviews with mental health clinicians (n = 16) assessed the acceptability of mobile sensing, its usefulness as a tool to improve clinical assessment and care, and recommendations for program refinements. Focus groups with patients with SMI (n = 3 groups) and individual usability tests (n = 8) elucidated patient attitudes about engaging in health IT and perceptions of its usefulness as a tool for self-tracking and improving mental health assessments. RESULTS: Clinicians discussed the utility of web-based data dashboards to monitor patients with SMI health behaviors and receiving alerts about their worsening health. Potential benefits included improving clinical care, capturing behaviors patients do not self-report, watching trends, and receiving alerts. Clinicians' concerns included increased workloads tied to dashboard data review, lack of experience using health IT in clinical care, and how SMI patients' associated paranoia and financial instability would impact patient uptake. Despite concerns, all mental health clinicians stated that they would recommend it. Almost all patients with SMI were receptive to using smartphone dashboards for self-monitoring and having behavioral change alerts sent to their mental health clinicians. They found the mobile app easy to navigate and dashboards easy to find and understand. Patient concerns centered on privacy and "government tracking," and their phone's battery life and data plans. Despite concerns, most reported that they would use it. CONCLUSIONS: Many people with SMI would like to have mobile informatics tools that can support their illness and recovery. Similar to other populations (eg, older adults, people experiencing homelessness) this population presents challenges to adoption and implementation. Health care organizations will need to provide resources to address these and support successful illness management. Clinicians are supportive of technological approaches, with adapting informatics data into their workflow as the primary challenge. Despite clear challenges, technological developments are increasingly designed to be acceptable to patients. The research development-clinical deployment gap must be addressed by health care systems, similar to computerized cognitive training. It will ensure clinicians operate at the top of their skill set and are not overwhelmed by administrative tasks, data summarization, or reviewing data that do not indicate a need for intervention. INTERNATIONAL REGISTERED REPORT IDENTIFIER (IRRID): RR2-10.2196/39010.

Questions about the HSR website? Email the Web Team

Any health information on this website is strictly for informational purposes and is not intended as medical advice. It should not be used to diagnose or treat any condition.