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Factors Differentiating Nursing Homes With Strong Resident Safety Climate: A Qualitative Study of Leadership and Staff Perspectives.

Engle RL, Gillespie C, Clark VA, McDannold SE, Kazi LE, Hartmann CW. Factors Differentiating Nursing Homes With Strong Resident Safety Climate: A Qualitative Study of Leadership and Staff Perspectives. Journal of gerontological nursing. 2023 Feb 1; 49(2):13-17.

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The current qualitative study assessed leadership and staff perceptions related to resident safety at Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) nursing homes with a range of safety climates. We recruited a purposive sample of six VA nursing homes from geographically diverse regions of the United States and with diverse overall safety climate ratings. We conducted semi-structured phone interviews with 43 senior and middle level nursing home leaders and frontline providers (medical and nursing). We performed a thematic analysis of interview data to assess participant perceptions of factors that influence resident safety at higher and lower safety climate sites. Analyses identified two factors that differentiated VA nursing homes with high safety climate ratings from those with medium or low ratings: (1) communication about resident safety, particularly the important role of accessibility of physicians and managers; and (2) leadership support for and responsiveness to resident safety issues raised by frontline staff. Findings from high safety climate nursing homes underscore the importance of leadership accessibility, communication, support, and follow through regarding resident safety concerns. These results may provide a basis for designing safety climate interventions, such as those designed to improve communication, teamwork, and quality improvement structures and processes. [(2), 13-17.].

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