Talk to the Veterans Crisis Line now
U.S. flag
An official website of the United States government

VA Health Systems Research

Go to the VA ORD website
Go to the QUERI website

HSR&D Citation Abstract

Search | Search by Center | Search by Source | Keywords in Title

Effects of the DASH diet and losartan on serum urate among adults with hypertension: Results of a randomized trial.

Castilla-Ojo N, Turkson-Ocran RA, Conlin PR, Appel LJ, Miller ER, Juraschek SP. Effects of the DASH diet and losartan on serum urate among adults with hypertension: Results of a randomized trial. Journal of clinical hypertension (Greenwich, Conn.). 2023 Oct 1; 25(10):915-922.

Dimensions for VA is a web-based tool available to VA staff that enables detailed searches of published research and research projects.

If you have VA-Intranet access, click here for more information

VA staff not currently on the VA network can access Dimensions by registering for an account using their VA email address.
   Search Dimensions for VA for this citation
* Don't have VA-internal network access or a VA email address? Try searching the free-to-the-public version of Dimensions


Serum urate is a risk factor for hypertension and gout. The DASH diet and losartan independently lower blood pressure (BP); however, their effects on serum urate are understudied. We performed a post-hoc analysis of the DASH-losartan trial, which randomized participants with hypertension in parallel fashion to the DASH diet or a standard American diet (control) and in crossover fashion to 4-week losartan or placebo. Serum urate was measured at baseline and after each 4-week period. Diets were designed to maintain weight constant. We examined the effects of DASH (vs control) and/or losartan (vs placebo) on serum urate, overall and among those with baseline serum urate = 6 mg/dL, using generalized estimating equations. Of 55 participants (mean age 52 years, 58% women, 64% Black), mean (±SD) baseline ambulatory SBP/DBP was 146±12/91±9 and mean (±SD) serum urate was 5.2±1.2 mg/dL. The DASH diet did not significantly reduce urate levels overall (mean difference -0.05 mg/dL; 95%CI: -0.39, 0.28), but did decrease levels among participants with baseline hyperuricemia (-0.33 mg/dL; 95%CI: -0.87, 0.21; P-interaction = 0.007 across hyperuricemia groups). Losartan significantly decreased serum urate (-0.23 mg/dL; 95%CI: -0.40, -0.05) with greater effects on serum urate among adults < 60 years old versus adults = 60 years old (-0.33 mg/dL vs 0.16 mg/dL, P interaction = 0.003). In summary, the DASH diet significantly decreased serum urate among participants with higher urate at baseline, while losartan significantly reduced serum urate, especially among younger adults. Future research should examine the effects of these interventions in patients with hyperuricemia or gout.

Questions about the HSR website? Email the Web Team

Any health information on this website is strictly for informational purposes and is not intended as medical advice. It should not be used to diagnose or treat any condition.