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Building Trust and Partnership with Black Pediatric Patients and their Caregivers.

Garcia RS, Hollis T, Baratta J, King Z, Faulks M, Ricketts M, Brown-Johnson C, Shankar M, Guerin A, Wong HN, Zulman DM, Floyd BD. Building Trust and Partnership with Black Pediatric Patients and their Caregivers. Academic pediatrics. 2023 Aug 31.

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Systemic racism embedded within the US health care system results in disproportionately worse health outcomes for Black pediatric patients and their caregivers. One meaningful mechanism through which these health disparities persist is through discriminatory treatment and anti-Black bias from clinicians. Strengthening care provided to Black pediatric patients and their caregivers requires that clinicians adopt culturally tailored communication strategies that promote health equity and counter racism. We conducted a scoping review of evidence-based communication practices in the medical literature that improve care for Black pediatric patients. We mapped the specific practices to the Presence 5 for Racial Justice framework and identified cross-cutting themes to describe practices across the five domains. There are three cross-cutting themes that underlie the recommended practices: 1) promote unbiased implementation of clinician communication strategies (eg, providing equitable recommendations for preventive care), 2) tailor care to Black pediatric patients (eg, explore the importance of the family unit), and 3) address racism experienced by Black pediatric patients and their caregivers (eg, acknowledge any previous negative experiences with the health care system). This review highlights communication practices that clinicians can adopt to build trusting relationships, empower Black families, and promote racial justice in clinical care. Future opportunities include expanding to system level change and validating these practices with patients and clinicians.

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