Talk to the Veterans Crisis Line now
U.S. flag
An official website of the United States government

VA Health Systems Research

Go to the VA ORD website
Go to the QUERI website

HSR Citation Abstract

Search | Search by Center | Search by Source | Keywords in Title

Intensive support does not improve positive-airway pressure use in spinal cord injury/disease: a randomized clinical trial.

Badr MS, Martin JL, Sankari A, Zeineddine S, Salloum A, Henzel MK, Strohl K, Shamim-Uzzaman A, May AM, Fung CH, Pandya N, Carroll S, Mitchell MN. Intensive support does not improve positive-airway pressure use in spinal cord injury/disease: a randomized clinical trial. Sleep. 2024 May 10; 47(5).

Dimensions for VA is a web-based tool available to VA staff that enables detailed searches of published research and research projects.

If you have VA-Intranet access, click here for more information

VA staff not currently on the VA network can access Dimensions by registering for an account using their VA email address.
   Search Dimensions for VA for this citation
* Don't have VA-internal network access or a VA email address? Try searching the free-to-the-public version of Dimensions


STUDY OBJECTIVE: Treatment of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) with positive airway pressure (PAP) therapy has unique clinical challenges in individuals living with spinal cord injuries and diseases (spinal cord injury [SCI]/D). Interventions focused on increasing PAP use have not been studied in this population. We aimed to evaluate the benefits of a program to increase PAP use among Veterans with SCI/D and SDB. METHODS: Randomized controlled trial comparing a behavioral Intervention (n = 32) and educational control (n = 31), both including one face-to-face and five telephone sessions over 3 months. The intervention included education about SDB and PAP, goal setting, troubleshooting, and motivational enhancement. The control arm included non-directive sleep education only. RESULTS: Primary outcomes were objective PAP use (nights = 4 hours used within 90 days) and sleep quality (Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index [PSQI] at 3 months). These did not differ between intervention and control (main outcome timepoint; mean difference 3.5 [-9.0, 15.9] nights/week for PAP use; p = .578; -1.1 [-2.8, 0.6] points for PSQI; p = .219). Secondary outcomes included fatigue, depression, function, and quality of life. Only fatigue improved significantly more in the intervention versus the control group (p = .025). Across groups, more PAP use was associated with larger improvements in sleep quality, insomnia, sleepiness, fatigue, and depression at some time points. CONCLUSIONS: PAP use in Veterans with SCI/D and SDB is low, and a 3-month supportive/behavioral program did not show significant benefit compared to education alone. Overall, more PAP use was associated with improved symptoms suggesting more intensive support, such as in-home assistance, may be required to increase PAP use in these patients. CLINICAL TRIALS INFORMATION: Title: "Treatment of Sleep Disordered Breathing in Patients with SCI." Registration number: NCT02830074. Website: = Sleep%20Apneaandterm = badrandrank = 5.

Questions about the HSR website? Email the Web Team

Any health information on this website is strictly for informational purposes and is not intended as medical advice. It should not be used to diagnose or treat any condition.