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Determinants of functioning and well-being among individuals with schizophrenia: an integrated model

Yanos PT, Moos RH. Determinants of functioning and well-being among individuals with schizophrenia: an integrated model. Clinical Psychology Review. 2007 Jan 1; 27(1):58-77.

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Outcomes for health conditions are typically the result of multiple factors; however, studies tend to focus on a narrow class of variables. Functioning and well-being outcomes for schizophrenia are diverse and have resisted simple explanation; however, prior research has not offered an integrated understanding of the relative contributions of enduring and episodic environmental factors, personal resources and psychiatric factors, and cognitive appraisal and coping, on functioning and well-being outcomes in schizophrenia. The present article sets out an integrated model of the determinants of functioning and well-being among individuals with schizophrenia. To examine evidence that bears on the model, literature on hypothesized relationships is reviewed to identify areas for which there is strong evidence and areas where more research is needed. The article suggests areas for further research, and directs researchers and practitioners toward areas of intervention that can enhance functioning and well-being for persons diagnosed with schizophrenia.

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