HSR&D Citation Abstract
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During treatment changes in substance abuse patients with posttraumatic stress disorder. The influence of specific interventions and program environments.
Ouimette PC, Ahrens C, Moos RH, Finney JW. During treatment changes in substance abuse patients with posttraumatic stress disorder. The influence of specific interventions and program environments. Journal of substance abuse treatment. 1998 Nov 1; 15(6):555-64.
Male substance abuse patients with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) (SA-PTSD; N = 140) were compared to patients with only substance use disorders (SA-only; N = 1,262), and those with other Axis I diagnoses (SA-PSY; N = 228) on changes during substance abuse treatment. Diagnoses were determined by chart review, and patients completed questionnaires assessing coping, cognitions, and psychological distress. Although SA-PTSD patients improved on outcomes during treatment, they showed less benefit relative to SA-only patients. At discharge, SA-PTSD patients reported less use of effective coping styles, and endorsed more positive beliefs about substance use than SA-only patients. They had more psychological distress than SA-only and SA-PSY patients. More counseling sessions devoted to substance abuse and family problems, and increased involvement in 12-step activities partially counteracted the negative effects of having a PTSD diagnosis on several outcomes. SA-PTSD patients reported fewer psychological symptoms at discharge in programs that were high in support and order/organization.