Talk to the Veterans Crisis Line now
U.S. flag
An official website of the United States government

VA Health Systems Research

Go to the VA ORD website
Go to the QUERI website

HSR&D Citation Abstract

Search | Search by Center | Search by Source | Keywords in Title

Associations in sense of coherence and depression in caregivers of stroke survivors across 2 years

Chumbler NR, Rittman MR, Wu SS. Associations in sense of coherence and depression in caregivers of stroke survivors across 2 years. The journal of behavioral health services & research. 2008 Apr 1; 35(2):226-34.

Dimensions for VA is a web-based tool available to VA staff that enables detailed searches of published research and research projects.

If you have VA-Intranet access, click here for more information

VA staff not currently on the VA network can access Dimensions by registering for an account using their VA email address.
   Search Dimensions for VA for this citation
* Don't have VA-internal network access or a VA email address? Try searching the free-to-the-public version of Dimensions


The objective of this longitudinal study was to detect the relationship between the sense of coherence (SOC), which is an adaptive coping response, and depression in informal caregivers of stroke survivors across 2 years. One-hundred-fifteen veterans, who were hospitalized after experiencing an acute stroke, and their informal caregivers were enrolled prior to discharge. Data were collected via face-to-face in-home interviews at 1, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months after discharge. A linear mixed model was fitted to estimate the effects of the time-dependent covariates (SOC) while considering the dependence of outcome measures at repeated times. Based on the linear mixed model, caregivers with a stronger SOC were associated with lower levels of caregiver depression across 2 years following a stroke (p < 0.0001). SOC seems to be an important aspect of a caregiver's capacity to cope after tending to the needs of a stroke patient.

Questions about the HSR website? Email the Web Team

Any health information on this website is strictly for informational purposes and is not intended as medical advice. It should not be used to diagnose or treat any condition.