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Depressive symptoms, drinking problems, and smoking cessation in older smokers.

Kenney BA, Holahan CJ, Holahan CK, Holahan CK, Holahan CK, Brennan PL, Schutte KK, Moos RH. Depressive symptoms, drinking problems, and smoking cessation in older smokers. Addictive Behaviors. 2009 Jun 1; 34(6-7):548-53.

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Abstract:

This study modeled the predictive association between depressive symptoms and smoking cessation in a sample of 442 late-middle-aged smokers; assessments occurred at four time-points across a 10-year period. In addition, the study examined the role of baseline drinking problems in moderating the relationship between depressive symptoms and smoking cessation. Findings supported hypotheses. More depressive symptoms prospectively predicted a lower likelihood of smoking cessation. In addition, the presence of baseline drinking problems strengthened the relationship between depressive symptoms and a lower likelihood of smoking cessation. Understanding the mechanisms underlying depression and cigarette smoking among older adults is applicable to secondary prevention and treatment and suggests additional public health benefits from treating depression in older persons.





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