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Iodinated contrast media and the role of renal replacement therapy.

Weisbord SD, Palevsky PM. Iodinated contrast media and the role of renal replacement therapy. Advances in chronic kidney disease. 2011 May 1; 18(3):199-206.

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Iodinated contrast media are among the most commonly used pharmacologic agents in medicine. Although generally highly safe, iodinated contrast media are associated with several adverse effects, most significantly the risk of acute kidney injury, particularly in patients with underlying renal dysfunction. By virtue of their pharmacokinetic characteristics, these contrast agents are efficiently cleared by hemodialysis and to a lesser extent, hemofiltration. This has led to research into the capacity for renal replacement therapies to prevent certain adverse effects of iodinated contrast. This review examines the molecular and pharmacokinetic characteristics of iodinated contrast media and critically analyzes data from past studies on the role of renal replacement therapy to prevent adverse effects of these diagnostic agents.

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