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Price AM, Ilgen MA, Bohnert AS. Prevalence and correlates of nonmedical use of prescription opioids in patients seen in a residential drug and alcohol treatment program. Journal of substance abuse treatment. 2011 Sep 1; 41(2):208-14.
Population-based data indicate that rates of nonmedical use of prescription opioids (POs) have increased dramatically over the past decade. However, data are lacking on nonmedical use of POs in individuals seeking treatment for substance use disorders. Patients (N = 351) seeking treatment from a residential drug and alcohol treatment program were assessed for nonmedical use of POs prior to treatment entry. Approximately 68% (65% men and 78% women) of patients reported at least some nonmedical PO use in the 30 days prior to treatment. Our results indicate that nonmedical PO use was more common in those with higher levels of depressive symptoms and pain intensity and in those with lower physical functioning. Treatment programs should consider actively screening participants for nonmedical PO use and consider how nonmedical use of pain medications might influence their treatment planning for patients.