skip to page content
Talk to the Veterans Crisis Line now
U.S. flag
An official website of the United States government

Health Services Research & Development

Go to the ORD website
Go to the QUERI website

HSR&D Citation Abstract

Search | Search by Center | Search by Source | Keywords in Title

Predictors of postdeployment alcohol use disorders in National Guard soldiers deployed to Operation Iraqi Freedom.

Kehle SM, Ferrier-Auerbach AG, Meis LA, Arbisi PA, Erbes CR, Polusny MA. Predictors of postdeployment alcohol use disorders in National Guard soldiers deployed to Operation Iraqi Freedom. Psychology of addictive behaviors : journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors. 2012 Mar 1; 26(1):42-50.

Related HSR&D Project(s)

Dimensions for VA is a web-based tool available to VA staff that enables detailed searches of published research and research projects.

If you have VA-Intranet access, click here for more information

VA staff not currently on the VA network can access Dimensions by registering for an account using their VA email address.
   Search Dimensions for VA for this citation
* Don't have VA-internal network access or a VA email address? Try searching the free-to-the-public version of Dimensions


Alcohol use in the military is a significant problem. The goal of this study was to examine the associations between personality, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, and postdeployment alcohol use disorders (AUDs) among a group of Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) deployed National Guard soldiers, with a focus on differentiating predeployment and postdeployment onset AUDs. Participants were 348 National Guard soldiers deployed to Iraq from March 2006 to July 2007 drawn from the Readiness and Resilience in National Guard Soldiers (RINGS) study. Participants completed self-report measures one month before deployment and 3 to 6 months postdeployment; current and lifetime history of AUDs were assessed 6 to 12 months postdeployment, using the Structured Clinical Interview for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed. text rev.; DSM-IV; American Psychiatric Association, 2000). Overall, 13% of the panel was diagnosed with a current AUD. Of those who met criteria for a current AUD, 38% had an AUD that developed following return from deployment (new onset AUD). The development of new onset AUDs was uniquely predicted by higher levels of PTSD symptom severity, higher levels of avoidance-specific PTSD symptoms, and lower levels of positive emotionality. AUDs with onset prior to deployment were predicted by higher levels of negative emotionality and disconstraint. Results of this study suggest that combat deployed soldiers with current AUDs are a heterogeneous group and point to the influence of combat-related PTSD symptoms in the development of AUDs following deployment.

Questions about the HSR&D website? Email the Web Team

Any health information on this website is strictly for informational purposes and is not intended as medical advice. It should not be used to diagnose or treat any condition.