skip to page content
Talk to the Veterans Crisis Line now
U.S. flag
An official website of the United States government

Health Services Research & Development

Go to the ORD website
Go to the QUERI website

HSR&D Citation Abstract

Search | Search by Center | Search by Source | Keywords in Title

A national collaborative for reducing health care?associated infections: current initiatives, challenges, and opportunities.

Flanagan ME, Welsh CA, Kiess C, Hoke S, Doebbeling BN, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Hospital-Acquired Infections Collaborative. A national collaborative for reducing health care?associated infections: current initiatives, challenges, and opportunities. American journal of infection control. 2011 Oct 1; 39(8):685-9.

Dimensions for VA is a web-based tool available to VA staff that enables detailed searches of published research and research projects.

If you have VA-Intranet access, click here for more information

VA staff not currently on the VA network can access Dimensions by registering for an account using their VA email address.
   Search Dimensions for VA for this citation
* Don't have VA-internal network access or a VA email address? Try searching the free-to-the-public version of Dimensions


There has been increasing interest and an upsurge in efforts to prevent hospital-associated infections (HAIs), a leading cause of death in the United States. This study was conducted to assess current strategies and efforts of HAI reduction initiatives in hospitals. HAI reduction initiatives and factors influencing institutional participation in these initiatives were categorized. Data were collected via open-ended questions on surveys performed in 5 different HAI collaboratives. Thematic analysis of the coded qualitative data was conducted. A total of 1,212 health care professionals from 33 different hospitals participated. Improving hand hygiene was the most frequently mentioned HAI reduction initiative implemented in the previous year. Initiatives for reducing central line or central venous catheter infections and ventilator-associated pneumonia also were commonly cited. The most frequently mentioned challenges to implementing HAI reduction initiatives included poor adherence, insufficient resources, staffing problems, lack of culture change, no impetus to change, and issues related to staff and patient education. Many respondents identified engaging physicians as particularly challenging.These findings suggest that consistently improving hand hygiene remains a widespread problem for reducing HAIs and sustaining this type of behavioral change is difficult. Furthermore, ensuring staff and physician engagement and compliance in HAI reduction efforts remains challenging for most hospitals.

Questions about the HSR&D website? Email the Web Team

Any health information on this website is strictly for informational purposes and is not intended as medical advice. It should not be used to diagnose or treat any condition.