Talk to the Veterans Crisis Line now
U.S. flag
An official website of the United States government

VA Health Systems Research

Go to the VA ORD website
Go to the QUERI website

HSR Citation Abstract

Search | Search by Center | Search by Source | Keywords in Title

Mental illness: is there an association with cancer screening among women veterans?

Yee EF, White R, Lee SJ, Washington DL, Yano EM, Murata G, Handanos C, Hoffman RM. Mental illness: is there an association with cancer screening among women veterans? Women's health issues : official publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health. 2011 Jul 1; 21(4 Suppl):S195-202.

Related HSR&D Project(s)

Dimensions for VA is a web-based tool available to VA staff that enables detailed searches of published research and research projects.

If you have VA-Intranet access, click here for more information

VA staff not currently on the VA network can access Dimensions by registering for an account using their VA email address.
   Search Dimensions for VA for this citation
* Don't have VA-internal network access or a VA email address? Try searching the free-to-the-public version of Dimensions


PURPOSE: Mental illness may be a barrier to achieving timely and appropriate cancer screening. We evaluated the association of mental illness with receipt of and adherence to breast, cervical, and colorectal cancer screening among women Veterans. METHODS: The study population included all female Veterans ages 50 to 65 who obtained care at the New Mexico VA Health Care System continuously from fiscal years 2004 to 2006 (n = 606). Measures were odds ratios (OR) for receipt of any cancer screening, and adherence to recommended cancer screening frequency, adjusted for age, insurance, service connection, and primary care and women''s clinic visits. RESULTS: Overall, 53% of the women had a mental health diagnosis (MHD). Women with an MHD were less likely to adhere to recommended breast cancer screening than women without MHD: unadjusted OR (95% CI): 0.73 (0.54-0.98; p < .05), adjusted OR (aOR) (95% CI) 0.60 (0.44-0.82; p < .01). Women with an MHD were as likely as women without MHD to receive any breast, cervical, and colon cancer screening: Respective aORs (95% CI): 0.79 (0.50-1.25); 1.71 (0.91-3.21); and 0.85 (0.56-1.28). CONCLUSION: Women with a mental illness are at risk for not adhering to recommended routine breast cancer screening, and may require more intensive efforts to achieve optimal rates of recommended breast cancer screening.

Questions about the HSR website? Email the Web Team

Any health information on this website is strictly for informational purposes and is not intended as medical advice. It should not be used to diagnose or treat any condition.