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Mignogna J, Cully J. Depression and Anxiety in Patients with COPD: A Focus on Psychological Treatments in Ambulatory Care Settings. Current respiratory medicine reviews. 2012 Apr 1; 8(2):137-144(8).
Depression and anxiety are highly comorbid with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and are associated with poor treatment adherence, increased rates of physical disability, functional disability, mortality, healthcare costs, and a worsening quality of life. Despite its prevalence, there is a dearth of research on psychological treatments for depressed and/or anxious patients with COPD. This review examines the current evidence for psychological treatments for depression and anxiety in COPD, structured within the RE-AIM (Reach, Effectiveness, Adoption, Implementation and Maintenance) framework, in an effort to highlight the current practice and research needs for this important and complex patient population.