Talk to the Veterans Crisis Line now
U.S. flag
An official website of the United States government

Health Services Research & Development

Go to the ORD website
Go to the QUERI website

HSR&D Citation Abstract

Search | Search by Center | Search by Source | Keywords in Title

Geographic variation of epilepsy for older Americans: how close to the geographic variation of stroke?

Pisu M, Kratt P, Faught E, Martin RC, Kim Y, Clements K, Knowlton R, Funkhouser E, Richman JS. Geographic variation of epilepsy for older Americans: how close to the geographic variation of stroke? Epilepsia. 2012 Dec 1; 53(12):2186-93.

Dimensions for VA is a web-based tool available to VA staff that enables detailed searches of published research and research projects.

If you have VA-Intranet access, click here for more information vaww.hsrd.research.va.gov/dimensions/

VA staff not currently on the VA network can access Dimensions by registering for an account using their VA email address.
   Search Dimensions for VA for this citation
* Don't have VA-internal network access or a VA email address? Try searching the free-to-the-public version of Dimensions



Abstract:

PURPOSE: Given the strong association of stroke and epilepsy in older persons, and the existence of a Stroke Belt in the United States, we hypothesized that geographic variation in epilepsy prevalence would follow geographic patterns similar to stroke. METHODS: We used a 2005 5% random sample of Medicare beneficiaries 65 and older in 48 U.S. contiguous states. Epilepsy was identified from claims for physician visits, hospitalizations, and outpatient procedures. Prevalence was obtained by state and county. Logistic regressions determined the independent association of the likelihood of epilepsy (prevalent or new case) and residence in Stroke Belt states, controlling for residence in highest epilepsy prevalence states, demographics (race, age, gender), comorbid conditions, cerebrovascular disease, dementia, and county characteristics. KEY FINDINGS: Of 1,212,015 beneficiaries, 11.9 per 1,000 had prevalent and 2.9 new cases of epilepsy. Nine of 11 Stroke Belt states were among the 20 states with the highest epilepsy prevalence. Counties in the 10 highest epilepsy prevalence states were more likely to be large urban counties with a higher number of neurologists or neurosurgeons per capita. The higher likelihood of prevalent epilepsy cases associated with Stroke Belt residence was explained by beneficiaries'' race; that associated with residence in high epilepsy prevalence states was not. The likelihood of new epilepsy cases was negatively associated with Stroke Belt residence when controlling for covariates. SIGNIFICANCE: The geographic variation in epilepsy prevalence is not explained by variations in known risk factors. Further research should investigate why eastern U.S. states have higher frequency of epilepsy.





Questions about the HSR&D website? Email the Web Team.

Any health information on this website is strictly for informational purposes and is not intended as medical advice. It should not be used to diagnose or treat any condition.