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Rare APOA5 promoter variants associated with paradoxical HDL cholesterol decrease in response to fenofibric acid therapy.
Brautbar A, Barbalic M, Chen F, Belmont J, Virani SS, Scherer S, Hegele RA, Ballantyne CM. Rare APOA5 promoter variants associated with paradoxical HDL cholesterol decrease in response to fenofibric acid therapy. Journal of Lipid Research. 2013 Jul 1; 54(7):1980-7.
Individuals with mixed dyslipidemia, including high triglycerides (TGs) and low high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), have increased risk for coronary events. We examined the effect of rare genetic variants in the APOA5 gene region on plasma HDL-C, apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I), and TG response to fenofibric acid monotherapy and in combination with statins. The APOA5 gene region was sequenced in 1,612 individuals with mixed dyslipidemia in a randomized trial of fenofibric acid alone and in combination with statins. Student's t-test and rare variant burden tests were used to examine plasma HDL-C, apoA-I, and TG response. Rare APOA5 promoter region variants were associated with decreased HDL-C and apoA-I levels in response to fenofibric acid therapy; rare missense variants were associated with increased TG response to combination therapy. Further study is needed to examine the effect of these rare variants on coronary outcomes in this population in response to fenofibric acid monotherapy or combined with statins.