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Patient-centered disease management (PCDM) for heart failure: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial.
Bekelman DB, Plomondon ME, Sullivan MD, Nelson K, Hattler B, McBryde C, Lehmann KG, Potfay J, Heidenreich P, Rumsfeld JS. Patient-centered disease management (PCDM) for heart failure: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. BMC cardiovascular disorders. 2013 Jul 9; 13:49.
Chronic heart failure (HF) disease management programs have reported inconsistent results and have not included comorbid depression management or specifically focused on improving patient-reported outcomes. The Patient Centered Disease Management (PCDM) trial was designed to test the effectiveness of collaborative care disease management in improving health status (symptoms, functioning, and quality of life) in patients with HF who reported poor HF-specific health status.
Patients with a HF diagnosis at four VA Medical Centers were identified through population-based sampling. Patients with a Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire (KCCQ, a measure of HF-specific health status) score of? < 60 (heavy symptom burden and impaired quality of life) were invited to enroll in the PCDM trial. Enrolled patients were randomized to receive usual care or the PCDM intervention, which included: (1) collaborative care management by VA clinicians including a nurse, cardiologist, internist, and psychiatrist, who worked with patients and their primary care providers to provide guideline-concordant care management, (2) home telemonitoring and guided patient self-management support, and (3) screening and treatment for comorbid depression. The primary study outcome is change in overall KCCQ score. Secondary outcomes include depression, medication adherence, guideline-based care, hospitalizations, and mortality.
The PCDM trial builds on previous studies of HF disease management by prioritizing patient health status, implementing a collaborative care model of health care delivery, and addressing depression, a key barrier to optimal disease management. The study has been designed as an ''effectiveness trial'' to support broader implementation in the healthcare system if it is successful.
Unique identifier: NCT00461513.