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Enhancing Quality in Psychiatry with Psychiatrists (EQUIPP)--results from a pilot study.

Watson LC, Esserman DA, Ivey JL, Lewis CL, Hansen R, Weinberger M, Roth MT. Enhancing Quality in Psychiatry with Psychiatrists (EQUIPP)--results from a pilot study. The American journal of geriatric psychiatry : official journal of the American Association for Geriatric Psychiatry. 2014 Sep 1; 22(9):884-8.

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OBJECTIVES: To pilot a pharmacist-led, patient centered medication management program. DESIGN: Prospective, single arm trial. SETTING: Academic geriatric psychiatry outpatient clinic. PARTICIPANTS: Outpatients at least 65 years old, proxy available if demented, and on two or more psychiatric medications. INTERVENTION: A clinical pharmacist completed a baseline medication review and made evidence-based recommendations that were implemented by the pharmacist after discussion with the physician. The pharmacist made a minimum of monthly contact for 6 months to review medications and related issues. MEASUREMENTS: The primary outcome was the change in number of medication related problems over time (3 and 6 months) as defined by a predetermined classification system. RESULTS: The mean age of the 27 patients was 75 years, 10 of whom required a proxy to participate. On average, patients had nine chronic conditions and were taking 14 medications. The mean number (SD; range) of medication related problems at baseline was 4.1 (2.2; 0-8) and at 3 and 6 months were 3.6 (2.4, 0-9) and 3.4 (2.1; 0-8), respectively. Most follow-up problems were new (80% and 89% at 3 and 6 months, respectively). CONCLUSION: Using a pharmacist to deliver a medication management program was feasible and addressed existing problems. New problems, however, developed over a short interval (3-6 months), suggesting that ongoing intervention is required.

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