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Mortality among patients with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus USA300 versus non-USA300 invasive infections: a meta-analysis.

Nair R, Ammann E, Rysavy M, Schweizer ML. Mortality among patients with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus USA300 versus non-USA300 invasive infections: a meta-analysis. Infection control and hospital epidemiology. 2014 Jan 1; 35(1):31-41.

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BACKGROUND: Community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) has been found to be epidemiologically and microbiologically distinct from healthcare-associated MRSA. Most CA-MRSA infections are not invasive; however, fatal outcomes have been reported among healthy people with CA-MRSA invasive infections. Epidemiological studies have attributed a major burden of CA-MRSA infections in the United States to the predominant clone USA300. We investigated the association between USA300 invasive infections and mortality by conducting a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies that reported mortality rates associated with USA300 strains. METHODS: We searched PubMed, bibliographies of other publications, and gray literature between January 2001 and December 2013. Observational studies of patients with an invasive MRSA infection were included. The exposure of interest was presence of USA300 invasive infection. Studies were included only if they provided MRSA PFGE types and if corresponding mortality data were the measured outcome. We pooled crude odds ratios (cORs) using a random-effects model. Woolf test of homogeneity and Q and I(2) statistics were assessed. RESULTS: Of 574 articles identified by the search strategy, 8 met the inclusion criteria. Risk of mortality was significantly lower among patients with USA300 MRSA infections (pooled cOR, 0.63 [95% confidence interval (CI)], 0.49-0.81). There was a moderate degree of heterogeneity among study results (P = .29; I(2) = 18%). Results were observed to be heterogeneous due to study design, quality of studies, and definition of mortality. CONCLUSIONS: MRSA invasive infection with USA300 does not appear to be associated with higher mortality compared with infections due to non-USA300 strains. Nevertheless, larger well-designed studies are warranted to further evaluate this association.

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