Talk to the Veterans Crisis Line now
U.S. flag
An official website of the United States government

Health Services Research & Development

Go to the ORD website
Go to the QUERI website

HSR&D Citation Abstract

Search | Search by Center | Search by Source | Keywords in Title

Adherence with postdischarge venous thromboembolism chemoprophylaxis recommendations after colorectal cancer surgery among elderly Medicare beneficiaries.

Merkow RP, Bilimoria KY, Sohn MW, Oh EH, Sellers MM, Paruch JL, Chung JW, Bentrem DJ. Adherence with postdischarge venous thromboembolism chemoprophylaxis recommendations after colorectal cancer surgery among elderly Medicare beneficiaries. Annals of surgery. 2014 Jul 1; 260(1):103-8.

Related HSR&D Project(s)

Dimensions for VA is a web-based tool available to VA staff that enables detailed searches of published research and research projects.

If you have VA-Intranet access, click here for more information vaww.hsrd.research.va.gov/dimensions/

VA staff not currently on the VA network can access Dimensions by registering for an account using their VA email address.
   Search Dimensions for VA for this citation
* Don't have VA-internal network access or a VA email address? Try searching the free-to-the-public version of Dimensions



Abstract:

OBJECTIVES: To assess national adherence with extended venous thromboembolism (VTE) chemoprophylaxis guideline recommendations after colorectal cancer surgery. BACKGROUND: Postoperative VTE remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality after abdominal cancer surgery. On the basis of the results from randomized controlled trials, since 2007, national guidelines have suggested that these patients be discharged on VTE chemoprophylaxis. METHODS: Medicare beneficiaries undergoing open colorectal cancer resections in 2008-2009 were identified using the Medicare Provider Analysis and Review data and limited to those who were enrolled and used Part D for their postoperative prescriptions. Postdischarge use of low-molecular-weight-heparin and other anticoagulants was assessed. RESULTS: A total of 5078 patients underwent open colorectal cancer surgery and met the inclusion criteria. Of these, 77% underwent colectomy and 23% underwent proctectomy. A prescription for an anticoagulant was filled immediately after discharge for 77 (1.5%) patients, and a low-molecular-weight-heparin for 60 (1.2%) patients. On multivariable analysis, patients were more likely to receive postdischarge VTE chemoprophylaxis if undergoing rectal cancer surgery [incidence rate ratio (IRR), 1.83; 95% confidence interval, 1.07-3.12; vs colon], if higher educational status (IRR, 2.20; 95% confidence interval, 1.23-3.95; vs low education), or if they had a higher Elixhauser comorbidity index (IRR, 1.13; 95% confidence interval, 1.01-1.25; vs lower index). CONCLUSIONS: Although VTE remains a major issue after abdominal cancer surgery, only 1.5% of Medicare beneficiaries undergoing colorectal cancer surgery received care consistent with established guidelines for postdischarge VTE chemoprophylaxis. Barriers to adherence must be elucidated to improve the quality of care for abdominal and pelvic cancer surgery patients.





Questions about the HSR&D website? Email the Web Team.

Any health information on this website is strictly for informational purposes and is not intended as medical advice. It should not be used to diagnose or treat any condition.