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An overview of methods for comparative effectiveness research.
Meyer AM, Wheeler SB, Weinberger M, Chen RC, Carpenter WR. An overview of methods for comparative effectiveness research. Seminars in radiation oncology. 2014 Jan 1; 24(1):5-13.
Comparative effectiveness research (CER) is a broad category of outcomes research encompassing many different methods employed by researchers and clinicians from numerous disciplines. The goal of cancer-focused CER is to generate new knowledge to assist cancer stakeholders in making informed decisions that will improve health care and outcomes of both individuals and populations. There are numerous CER methods that may be used to examine specific questions, including randomized controlled trials, observational studies, systematic literature reviews, and decision sciences modeling. Each has its strengths and weaknesses. To both inform and serve as a reference for readers of this issue of Seminars in Radiation Oncology as well as the broader oncology community, we describe CER and several of the more commonly used approaches and analytical methods.