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The nursing assistants' communication style and the behavioral symptoms of dementia in Korean-American nursing home residents.
Kim H, Woods DL, Mentes JC, Martin JL, Moon A, Phillips LR. The nursing assistants' communication style and the behavioral symptoms of dementia in Korean-American nursing home residents. Geriatric nursing (New York, N.Y.). 2014 Mar 1; 35(2 Suppl):S11-6.
Few studies examined the association between communication style and behavioral symptoms of dementia (BSD). The communication style of Nursing Assistants' (NAs), whose ethnic background is different from the residents, may contribute to BSD. The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between non-Korean NAs' communication style and BSD in Korean-American (KA) nursing home residents with dementia. Twenty eight NAs and 20 KA residents were recruited from an ethno-specific nursing home. Research assistants observed and recorded NAs' communication style and residents' behavior simultaneously during routine care for 3 days. This study shows a trend that NAs' dementia and culturally appropriate communication style influenced the decreased behavioral symptoms. This finding suggests the need for training for NAs in dementia and culturally appropriate communication.