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Development and application of an electronic health record information extraction tool to assess quality of pain management in primary care.
Dorflinger LM, Gilliam WP, Lee AW, Kerns RD. Development and application of an electronic health record information extraction tool to assess quality of pain management in primary care. Translational behavioral medicine. 2014 Jun 1; 4(2):184-9.
Chronic pain is one of the most common presenting problems in primary care. Standards and guidelines have been developed for managing chronic pain, but it is unclear whether primary care providers routinely engage in guideline-concordant care. The purpose of this study is to develop a tool for extracting information about the quality of pain care in the primary care setting. Quality indicators were developed through review of the literature, input from an interdisciplinary panel of pain experts, and pilot testing. A comprehensive coding manual was developed, and inter-rater reliability was established. The final tool consists of 12 dichotomously scored indicators assessing quality and documentation of pain care in three domains: assessment, treatment, and reassessment. Presence of indicators varied widely. The tool is reliable and can be utilized to gather valuable information about pain management in the primary care setting.