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Individual, Social, and Neighborhood Associations With Sitting Time Among Veterans.

Millstein RA, Hoerster KD, Rosenberg DE, Nelson KM, Reiber G, Saelens BE. Individual, Social, and Neighborhood Associations With Sitting Time Among Veterans. Journal of physical activity & health. 2016 Jan 1; 13(1):30-5.

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BACKGROUND: Sedentary behavior is an increasingly recognized health risk factor, independent of physical activity. Although several correlates of sedentary behavior are known, little research has identified them among U.S. veterans, a population that faces disproportionate chronic disease burden. METHODS: A survey was mailed to 1997 randomly selected veterans at a large urban Veterans Affairs medical center in 2012 and remailed in 2013 to nonresponders, resulting in a 40% response rate. We examined individual-, social-, and neighborhood-level factors in association with self-reported sitting time. Factors correlated with sitting time at P < .05 were included in a multiple linear regression model. RESULTS: In the multivariate model, higher depression (B = 7.8), body mass index (B = 5.1), functional impairment (B = 4.2), and self-rated health (B = 68.5) were significantly associated with higher sitting time, and leisure time physical activity (B = -0.10) and being employed (B = -71.3) were significantly associated with lower sitting time. CONCLUSIONS: Individual-level, but not social- and neighborhood-level, variables were associated with sitting time in this population. This study identified individual-level targets for reducing sitting time and improving overall health among veterans.

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