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Assessing multilevel determinants of adoption and implementation of genomic medicine: an organizational mixed-methods approach.

Oishi SM, Marshall N, Hamilton AB, Yano EM, Lerner B, Scheuner MT. Assessing multilevel determinants of adoption and implementation of genomic medicine: an organizational mixed-methods approach. Genetics in Medicine : Official Journal of The American College of Medical Genetics. 2015 Nov 1; 17(11):919-26.

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PURPOSE: Adoption and implementation of evidence-based genetic and genomic medicine have been slow. We describe a methodology for identifying the influence of organizational factors on adoption and implementation of these services in health-care organizations. METHODS: We illustrate a three-component, mixed-methods health services research approach, including expert panels, qualitative interviews with key informants, and quantitative surveys completed by key informants. RESULTS: This research approach yielded a baseline assessment of existing genetic health-care models in the Veterans Health Administration and identified organizational barriers to and facilitators of adoption. In aggregate, the panel and key informant strategies created a communication network of relevant organizational stakeholders and a detailed foundation of organizational knowledge from which to design tools and models for implementation-level genetic/genomic translation. CONCLUSION: Expert panel and key informant strategies can be used to create a backdrop of stakeholder involvement and baseline organizational knowledge within which to plan translation research and to inform strategic planning and policies for adoption and implementation of genetic services in health-care organizations.

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