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Implementing Effective Substance Abuse Treatments in General Medical Settings: Mapping the Research Terrain.
Ducharme LJ, Chandler RK, Harris AH. Implementing Effective Substance Abuse Treatments in General Medical Settings: Mapping the Research Terrain. Journal of substance abuse treatment. 2016 Jan 1; 60:110-8.
The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), and Veterans Health Administration (VHA) share an interest in promoting high quality, rigorous health services research to improve the availability and utilization of evidence-based treatment for substance use disorders (SUD). Recent and continuing changes in the healthcare policy and funding environments prioritize the integration of evidence-based substance abuse treatments into primary care and general medical settings. This area is a prime candidate for implementation research. Recent and ongoing implementation projects funded by these agencies are reviewed. Research in five areas is highlighted: screening and brief intervention for risky drinking; screening and brief intervention for tobacco use; uptake of FDA-approved addiction pharmacotherapies; safe opioid prescribing; and disease management. Gaps in the portfolios, and priorities for future research, are described.