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Pain, sleep disturbances, and functional limitations in people living with HIV/AIDS-associated distal sensory peripheral neuropathy.

Sandoval R, Roddey T, Giordano TP, Mitchell K, Kelley C. Pain, sleep disturbances, and functional limitations in people living with HIV/AIDS-associated distal sensory peripheral neuropathy. Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care. 2014 Jul 1; 13(4):328-34.

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Abstract:

BACKGROUND: Pain, sleep, and functional disturbances are a common occurrence in people living with HIV/AIDS-related distal sensory peripheral neuropathy (PLWHA-DSPN) yet lack group classification and quantification. METHODS: A total of 46 PLWHA-DSPN were recruited, as part of a 2-group intervention study, to complete the Neuropathic Pain Scale and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) questionnaires. The participant's performance during a forward reach task and walking distance in 6 minutes was recorded as a measure of function. RESULTS: The pain (60.77 +/- 17.85) and sleep (14.62 +/- 4.28) scores denote marked pain and sleep disturbances, compared to seronegative, age-matched individuals. The ambulation distance was limited (243.99 +/- 141.04 m) and inversely associated with the PSQI-sleep efficiency subscale (rs = -.35, P < .05). The average reaching distances measured (36.07 +/- 7.37 cm) were similar to seronegative, age-matched individuals. Pain, sleep, and functional measures exhibited significant associations. CONCLUSIONS: The data collected suggest that PLWHA-DSPN report moderate-to-severe pain and significant sleep disturbances and exhibit limited ambulation distances.





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