Talk to the Veterans Crisis Line now
U.S. flag
An official website of the United States government

Health Services Research & Development

Go to the ORD website
Go to the QUERI website

HSR&D Citation Abstract

Search | Search by Center | Search by Source | Keywords in Title

Cost and utilization outcomes of patients receiving hospital-based palliative care consultation.

Penrod JD, Deb P, Luhrs C, Dellenbaugh C, Zhu CW, Hochman T, Maciejewski ML, Granieri E, Morrison RS. Cost and utilization outcomes of patients receiving hospital-based palliative care consultation. Journal of palliative medicine. 2006 Aug 1; 9(4):855-60.

Dimensions for VA is a web-based tool available to VA staff that enables detailed searches of published research and research projects.

If you have VA-Intranet access, click here for more information vaww.hsrd.research.va.gov/dimensions/

VA staff not currently on the VA network can access Dimensions by registering for an account using their VA email address.
   Search Dimensions for VA for this citation
* Don't have VA-internal network access or a VA email address? Try searching the free-to-the-public version of Dimensions



Abstract:

OBJECTIVE: To compare per diem total direct, ancillary (laboratory and radiology) and pharmacy costs of palliative care (PC) compared to usual care (UC) patients during a terminal hospitalization; to examine the association between PC and ICU admission. DESIGN: Retrospective, observational cost analysis using a VA (payer) perspective. SETTING: Two urban VA medical centers. MEASUREMENTS: Demographic and health characteristics of 314 veterans admitted during two years were obtained from VA administrative data. Hospital costs came from the VA cost accounting system. ANALYSIS: Generalized linear models (GLM) were estimated for total direct, ancillary and pharmacy costs. Predictors included patient age, principal diagnosis, comorbidity, whether patient stay was medical or surgical, site and whether the patient was seen by the palliative care consultation team. A probit regression was used to analyze probability of ICU admission. Propensity score matching was used to improve balance in observed covariates. RESULTS: PC patients were 42 percentage points (95% CI, -56% [corrected] to -31%) less likely to be admitted to ICU. Total direct costs per day were $239 (95% CI, -387 to -122) lower and ancillary costs were $98 (95% CI, -133 to -57) lower than costs for UC patients. There was no difference in pharmacy costs. The results were similar using propensity score matching. CONCLUSION: PC was associated with significantly lower likelihood of ICU use and lower inpatient costs compared to UC. Our findings coupled with those indicating better patient and family outcomes with PC suggest both a cost and quality incentive for hospitals to develop PC programs.





Questions about the HSR&D website? Email the Web Team.

Any health information on this website is strictly for informational purposes and is not intended as medical advice. It should not be used to diagnose or treat any condition.